Lightning Learning: Tuberculosis
There are between 5000-6000 new TB cases every year in England (UK)
Who is at risk?
Recent residence in an endemic country, low socioeconomic status, ethnic minorities homelessness, institutional living (e.g. prisons, homeless shelters), young and very old, those who are immunosuppressed.
Lack of appetite and weight loss
Drenching night sweats
Extreme tiredness or fatigue
Pulmonary TB symptoms
A persistent cough lasting more than 3 weeks +/- haemoptysis +/- sputum
Extrapulmonary TB Symptoms
Joint pain in affected joint
If you think someone has TB in the ED – isolate them ASAP!
If this is a new diagnosis of TB consider checking HIV status (with patients permission). TB is the most common AIDS-defining illness, and this may be the first suggestion that a patient had HIV.
Consult local guidance for latest management.