Lightning Learning: Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the palatine tonsils as a result of either a bacterial or viral infection.
Tonsillitis often occurs with inflammation of other areas of the mouth, including pharynx and adenoids.
Patients can present with:
Reduced oral intake
Red inflamed tonsils (may have white exudate spots)
Tonsillitis can be caused by bacteria or viruses; we can use the Centor Criteria to distinguish between the two.
Epstein Barr Virus
Group A streptococcus (e.g. Strep. Pyogenes)
Either personal smoking (or second-hand smoking) can significantly increase the risk of tonsillitis.