Lightning Learning: Infective Endocarditis
Infective Endocarditis (IE) is an infectious disease of the heart and surrounding vessels.
Most commonly seen in patients with a history of congenital or acquired cardiac disease or indwelling prosthetic material.
Patients can present with:
Persistent low-grade fever
Cutaneous signs (e.g. petechiae, Osler’s nodes, Janeway lesions, splinter haemorrhages)
For infective endocarditis, you must have the triad of: endothelial damage, platelet aggregation and microbial adherence.
Common causative organisms?
Multiple blood cultures
Modified Dukes criteria