Lightning Learning: Anaemia

Lightning Learning: Anaemia

“Anaemia is a common incidental finding in the ED. Symptoms may include pale skin, fatigue, breathlessness and many more...”
— advice is based on local guidelines & procedures

STOP!

Anaemia is a common incidental finding in the ED
 

Microcytic, aka 'TICS'

Thalassaemia

Iron deficiency

Chronic disease

Sideroblastic anaemia

Normocytic, aka 'ABBRA'

Anaemia of chronic disease

Bone marrow infiltration,

Bone marrow failure

Renal failure

Acute haemorrhage

Macrocytic, aka ‘BALD HAIR'

B12/B9 deficiency

Alcohol

Liver disease

Drugs (e.g. phenytoin)

Hypothyroidism

Aplastic anaemia & myelodysplasia

Increased Reticulocytes

 

LOOK

The WHO definition of anaemia is a haemoglobin (Hb) concentration of...

<120g/L (Hb<36%) in females
<130g/L (Hb<39%) in males

Microcytic, MCV <80 fL

Normocytic, MCV 80→100 fL

Macrocytic, >100 fL

LEARN

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